Shakespeare presents Macbeth’s state of mind in many different ways through out the play Macbeth. All these methods do not only give us an in site of the mind of Macbeth but a Clear understanding of Shakespeare and how he views the world around him. He never really gives us a black and white answer however, he leaves us to pick out information in a grayish area One clear example of this is using Metaphors to express his belief system but we have to interpret what he says in relation of what we understand about him and the historic context.
At first Glance Macbeth just looks like just another ‘tale told by an idiot signifying nothing’ However Macbeth is based on true events. Macbeth killed his king named, funny enough, Duncan I who was Macbeth’s cousin. By doing this Macbeth became King. The point of Macbeth and Duncan are cousins is rather interesting as in the play Macbeth, Macbeth actually calls Duncan cousin but in a friendly way. Five years later Macbeth killed Duncan’s father strengthening his claim as King. For several years he made no real changes to the country and was a good king. Several years later Siward, Earl of Northumbria challenged Macbeth as he wanted Malcolm Duncan’s son made king. In August 1057, Macbeth was killed at the Battle of Lumphanan in Aberdeenshire by Malcolm, who later became king.
Shakespeare uses Iambic Pentameter in Macbeth to express his deteriorating state of mind. One area where Macbeth’s Mind Literally deteriorates instantly by jut a few words in Act 5 scene 8 in the moments before Macbeth and Macduff fight. Macbeth is full of confidence and does not believe he can not be beaten. Macbeth speaks in Iamb which signifies he is feeling powerful and is used to show high status and being a Tyrant is certainly that. ‘As easy mayst thou the intrenchant air With thy keen sword impress as make me bleed. Let fall thy blade on vulnerable crests’ Macbeth is telling Macduff that he should just give up because he can not possibly die because he can only be killed by someone not of women born. However Macduff reveals he was born through a cesarean section and not naturally through the vagina. This one statement ‘Macduff was from his mother’s womb
Untimely ripped.’ Instantaneously Macbeths mind deteriorates and he openly admits being scared and openly admits he is no longer as invincible as he thought. ‘Accursèd be that tongue that tells me so,’ This has only got 9 syllables and is a femine ending showing his mind is faltering. Macbeth is cursing Macduff’s tongue for telling him this. Another section in the same extract which shows his mind is faltering is ‘And break it to our hope. I’ll not fight with thee.’ This line has 11 syllables which is called hendecasyllable. The line means they, meaning the witches, raised my hopes so high then destroyed them. The second part of the line means is I will not fight with you. I believe Shakepeare is expressing that someone may put on a face of false confidence but deep down they may be trembling. This hsppenes a lot with people who have depression. Robin Williams is a key example of this. He did not seem depressed and was still appearing in TV shows and making films before his death. He seemed happy and seemed to not be struggling with any problems however Robin williams sadly took his life. I believ Shakespeare is expressing how are with depression even though there was no medical condition in the Jacobean era I think Shakspear is exp,suing the concept through the various actors who play Macbeth.